Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

www.mfah.org Home

IcaadocsArchive

Document first page thumbnail
  • ICAA Record ID
    776692
    TITLE
    Aclaración del C. de Defensa Proletaria / Jesus Gonthier, D. A. Siqueiros
    IN
    El Machete : periódico quincenal (México, D. F., Mexico). -- Dic. 15, 1928.
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 2
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Declaración
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Gonthier, Jesús and David Alfaro Siqueiros. "Aclaración del C. de Defensa Proletaria." El Machete: periódico quincenal (Mexico City), December 15, 1928.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    Portes Gil, Emilio, b. 1891
    ADDITIONAL AUTHORS
    Gonthier, Jesus
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

The Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] wrote to the editorial board of El Machete magazine regarding the reports published in the press about the events organized by the Bloque Obrero [Workers’ Block] in honor of Emilio Portes Gil, who was president at the time. The Committee’s letter included a press release written by Jesús Gonthier and David Alfaro Siqueiros, the respective president and secretary of the Bloque Obrero, which clarified that the Bloque had not agreed to any presidential tribute, because it rejected his policies concerning the collaboration between the classes. 

Annotations

This article provides insight into the political militancy expressed by the painter David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) at a time when he was deeply committed to his role as an activist on behalf of the unions (1926-30). In mid November 1928, the Bloque Obrero (BO) [Workers’ Block] was founded at the urging of the Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] (where Siqueiros was Secretary General) and the Comité Pro-Asamblea Nacional de Unificación Obrera y Campesina [Pro-National Assembly Committee for the Unification of Workers and Peasants]. The Bloque was an umbrella organization for socialist confederations, unions, parties and leagues from various states around the country. Its immediate goal was to fight for alternative labor legislation to the Código Federal de Trabajo [Federal Labor Code] that had been proposed by the Emilio Portes Gil administration (1928-30). 

Siqueiros, who was active in the organization of the BO as a delegate for the Mining Federation of Jalisco, was named Secretary of the Workers’ Block. The BO was the immediate predecessor of the Confederación Sindical Unitaria de México (CSUM) [Mexican Unitarian Confederation of Unions], which was created in January 1929, at which time Siqueiros was once again elected Secretary General.

Researcher
Adela Cedillo
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
© 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Biblioteca José María Lafragua de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla