The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] wrote to the editorial board of El Machete magazine regarding the reports published in the press about the events organized by the Bloque Obrero [Workers’ Block] in honor of Emilio Portes Gil, who was president at the time. The Committee’s letter included a press release written by Jesús Gonthier and David Alfaro Siqueiros, the respective president and secretary of the Bloque Obrero, which clarified that the Bloque had not agreed to any presidential tribute, because it rejected his policies concerning the collaboration between the classes.
This article provides insight into the political militancy expressed by the painter David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) at a time when he was deeply committed to his role as an activist on behalf of the unions (1926-30). In mid November 1928, the Bloque Obrero (BO) [Workers’ Block] was founded at the urging of the Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] (where Siqueiros was Secretary General) and the Comité Pro-Asamblea Nacional de Unificación Obrera y Campesina [Pro-National Assembly Committee for the Unification of Workers and Peasants]. The Bloque was an umbrella organization for socialist confederations, unions, parties and leagues from various states around the country. Its immediate goal was to fight for alternative labor legislation to the Código Federal de Trabajo [Federal Labor Code] that had been proposed by the Emilio Portes Gil administration (1928-30). Siqueiros, who was active in the organization of the BO as a delegate for the Mining Federation of Jalisco, was named Secretary of the Workers’ Block. The BO was the immediate predecessor of the Confederación Sindical Unitaria de México (CSUM) [Mexican Unitarian Confederation of Unions], which was created in January 1929, at which time Siqueiros was once again elected Secretary General.