Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art Home


Document first page thumbnail
Editorial Categories [?]

This short document tells us about the mural at the Confederación Campesina [Mexican Peasants Confederation] “Emiliano Zapata” in the city of Puebla. The fine arts department of the SEP [Ministry of Public Education] commissioned the work from the young painters Máximo Pacheco, Jesús Guerrero Galván, Raúl Anguiano, and Roberto Reyes Pérez, who conceived monumental portraits of agrarian leaders. These artists, it should be mentioned, were members of the Federación de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [FEAR, Federation of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], which later became affiliated with the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists].  


In its quest to bring mural painting to other regions in Mexico, the fine arts department of the SEP commissioned murals for the Confederación Campesina “Emiliano Zapata”. The sections painted were dedicated to José María Morelos, Emiliano Zapata, Domingo Arenas, and Úrsulo Galván. This project represented an attempt to depict the post-revolutionary ideals in terms of agrarian distribution as well as socialist education. These murals no longer exist; all that remain are some photographic testimonies such as the one that accompanies this article, giving meaningful testimonial value. Due to the conservatism of certain Mexican states (Puebla, Guanajuato, Jalisco), particularly divided because of the Cristero conflict, these artistic creations were censored and ultimately destroyed. As a footnote, Las luchas sociales en el Estado de Puebla [Social Struggles in the State of Puebla], a fresco mural created by Alfredo Zalce, Ángel Bracho, and Rosendo Soto at the Instituto Normal de Puebla [Teacher-Training Institute of Puebla] in 1938, was also destroyed because it alluded to the reactionary press and the crippled teachers.

Dafne Cruz Porchini : CURARE A. C.
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional