The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA) and the Organizing Committee of the III Congreso Latinoamericano de Ginecología y Obstetricia [3rd Latin American Obstetrics and Gynecology Conference] organized an art contest as one of the cultural activities parallel to the officially sponsored I Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [1st Inter-American Painting and Print Biennial] to be held in June. The works would be exhibited at the Casa del Arquitecto starting May 10, Mother’s Day.
The call to participate in a contest organized by the INBA was undoubtedly designed to reaffirm the values upheld by the artists of what was known as the Escuela Mexicana de Pintura [Mexican School of Painting]. Indeed, the imposition of a traditional motif referred exclusively to figurative art. It was announced that the jury would be made up of two painters (Adolfo Best Maugard and David Alfaro Siqueiros), a critic (Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna), and a connoisseur (Dr. Francisco Marín, amateur sculptor), all adherents of the official point of view. Similar to Paul Westheim’s contest for young art critics that was sponsored by the publication México en la cultura, the INBA also offered prizes to the first and second place artists. However, the INBA’s prizes were ten times larger (MXN $100,000 and MXN $5,000). In late May, the unknown painter Manuel Herrera Cartalla (a disciple of Jesús Guerrero Galván) won first prize and José Reyes Meza, second prize. It is worth noting that only Dr. Marín and the painter Best Maugard showed up to serve as the jury. The general level of the exhibition was considered poor.