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  • ICAA Record ID
    774978
    TITLE
    El pintor colonial Melchor Pérez de Holguín y su realismo dramático / Antonio Berni
    IN
    La Prensa (Buenos Aires, Argentina). -- Feb. 15, 1942
    DESCRIPTION
    ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Berni, Antonio. "El pintor colonial Melchor Pérez de Holguín y su realismo dramático." La Prensa (Buenos Aires), February 15, 1942.
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    Holguín, Melchor Pérez de
Synopsis

Antonio Berni describes Melchor Pérez de Holguín as the finest artist of the Potosí and Chuquisaca schools. He defines Pérez de Holguín’s work as being in the Spanish tradition, and analyzes the painter’s technique while commenting on colonial society. 

Annotations

Antonio Berni was born in Rosario, Province of Santa Fe, in 1905 and died in Buenos Aires in 1981). Berni went to Europe in 1925 to study art. He settled in Paris, where he became involved with the Surrealist avant-garde and began exploring the Communist theories that were in vogue at the time. On his return to Argentina, he arranged an exhibition of his Surrealist works at the Asociación Amigos del Arte in 1932. A year later, Berni joined the Equipo Polígrafo (the group founded by [Mexican artist] David Alfaro Siqueiros), which created the mural called Ejercicio Plástico [Plastic Exercise]. His theory of Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], an artistic expression of political and social commitment, evolved out of his vision of transcendent realism. In 1944, Berni founded the Taller de Arte Mural [Mural Art Workshop]. During the 1950s he produced a number of paintings that depicted rural life, set mainly in the northern Argentine province of Santiago del Estero. These were, in fact, the first chapters in his narrative series of collages featuring his character Juanito Laguna. In 1962 he was awarded the grand prize for print and drawing at the Venice Biennale. The following year he began his Ramona Montiel series. During the ‘60s and ’70s—while continuing to produce paintings, collages, and prints—he created objects, installations, and happenings, and explored stylistic variations in the field of realistic figuration.  

This essay offers many clues to Antonio Berni’s analytical method—a blend of precise technical definitions and general ideological concepts. Berni spent his whole life studying the history of Latin America.

Researcher
Roberto Amigo
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Berni. Copia en Fundación Espigas (materiales especiales, carpetas Archivo Berni).