The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This analysis refers to the section titled “Los problemas y posibilidades de nuestras artes cultas” [The Problems and Possibilities of our Cultured Arts] from the “La cultura industrial y las artes” [The Industrial Culture and the Arts] paper, presented by Juan Acha in his lecture at the Artes visuales e identidad en América Latina [Visual Arts and Identity in Latin America] encounter, which was organized by the Foro de Arte Contemporáneo in Mexico City in October, 1981. Julio Le Parc’s text points out several ideas that he does not share with Acha, then calls for the need for confrontation in order to generate multiple evaluations that would provide a new base from which to work from when it comes to art and expanding popular creativity.
Julio Le Parc (1928) was born in the Province of Mendoza, in Argentina, and graduated in Buenos Aires. In 1955, he participated in the student movement that took over the country’s fine arts schools, and in 1958, Le Parc traveled to Paris on a scholarship. While there, between 1960 and 1968, he became part of the GRAV, Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel [Experimental Visual Arts Research Group], which participated in the Nouvelle Tendence [New Tendency] international movement. He later continued his visual research and production within the kinetic art movement. On many occasions, his positions on various issues from the point of view of a Latin American artist were accounted for. Juan Acha was a leading Peruvian theoretician who died in January 1995 in Mexico, where he had been living since 1971. In the early 1960s, he worked as an art critic for the journal El Comercio [The Commerce] in Lima, where he supported the emerging vanguard movements in Peruvian art. In Mexico, he also collaborated with various periodicals, such as Plural and Diorama de la Cultura [The Culture Diorama], in addition to publishing several books that helped divulge his investigations within the academic milieu. This text was written by Le Parc to be sent to Professor Juan Acha after listening to his "La cultura industrial y las artes" lecture (later published in the book: Juan Acha, Ensayos y ponencias latinoamericanistas [Juan Acha, Latin American-ist Essays and Papers], (Galería de Arte Nacional, Caracas, 1984). This document has been selected because it attests to the artist’s point of view when it came to Acha’s position, however in a dialogue with the theoretician’s mode of thinking.