The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This document pertains to the Reglamento del II Certamen Nacional de Investigaciones Visuales [Regulations for the Second National Visual Arts Research Competition] (Buenos Aires, Argentina) for the year 1971. It stipulates the rules governing the submission and acceptance of works, the conduct of the selection and awards juries, the system for acceptance of awards, as well as the general procedures. It also records that the following individuals served as jury members: Gyula Kosice, Eduardo Rodríguez, Osvaldo Romberg, Luis Felipe Noé, and Alejandro Puente. The follwing artists received awards: Horacio Coll (Second Prize), Alberto Heredia (Third Prize), Enrique Romano (Honorable Mention), Jacques Bedel (Honorable Mention), Agustín Barbalace (Honorable Mention), and Leonardo Moro (Foreigner’s Award).
The Salón Nacional de Artes Plásticas [National Salon for the Visual Arts] of Argentina was founded in 1911; its regulations varied over time, depending on the needs of the moment. The Salón Nacional for the years 1968 and 1969 included a section called “Visual Arts Research.” The category sought to include the new formats of experimental art (kinetic objects, Pop art, and the like). In 1970 and 1971, it led to the implementation of Certamen Anual de Investigaciones Visuales.
The Certamen Nacional de Investigaciones Visuales—which was held during the de facto government of General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971–73)—resulted in the censorship of the artworks that had won the Grand Prize and the First Prize. By means of Executive Order 5696/71, the authorities excluded those prize-winning works from the exhibition, stating they were “not accepted” due to their “manifest ideological intent.” Thus they declared the grand and first prizes awarded by the jury null and void. These deeds fostered the repudiation of artists as well as some cultural organizations, and gave rise to various legal actions.
This article was selected because it documents the different circumstances upon which the artists would base their demand for adherence to the Reglamento’s stipulations. In other words, they demanded that the clause (added in 1966) that prevented the treatment of “themes detrimental to the principles of Argentinean cultural tradition” not be included; and that November 12 serve as the day of inauguration as well as the recognition of the Nómina de Autores Premiados [List of Artists Awarded Prizes]—and that the decision to declare the first two prizes, which had been legally selected by the jury, “null and void” be disregarded.