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  • ICAA Record ID
    772019
    AUTHOR
    Motherwell, Robert
    TITLE
    The new image / Wolfgang Paalen ; Translated from the French by Robert Motherwell
    IN
    DYN (México, D. F., México). -- No. 1 (Abr. -May., 1942)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 7-15 : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    English
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Paalen, Wolfgang. "The new image." Translated by Robert Motherwell. DYN (Mexico City), no.1 (April-May 1942): 7-15.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    ADDITIONAL AUTHORS
Synopsis

In this article, divided into eight sections, Wolfgang Paalen identifies the most representative image from a number of different periods, reviewing the Middle-Ages period, the Renaissance, and Modern times. He notes that, when faced with a radical transformation of a culture’s intellectual customs, the artist focuses on theoretical questions. The theory does not apply to artists working at a time when there is a stable system of coordinated intellectual activity sustained by commonly accepted values. Paalen does not think that there is any such system at this point in history because society is deeply severed and its intellectual concerns are expressed through a variety of contradictory movements. Ever since photography has been able to use mechanical means to reflect reality, all efforts to portray reality have been subordinated to the concept of a photographic likeness, which is why the artists of our period strive for authenticity. Paalen also states that, as far as he is concerned, Surrealism demolished the barrier separating poetry from the visual arts and that this enabled certain Surrealist artists, such as Giorgio De Chirico, to perceive a new facet of reality.

Annotations

The first issue of DYN magazine appeared in 1942, published by the Austrian artist Wolfgang Paalen (1905-59) while he was living in exile in Mexico. Paalen, an artist and theoretician, came to Mexico in 1939 with his wife Alice Rahon (1904-87) at the express invitation of Diego Rivera (1886-1957) and Frida Kahlo (1907-54). Shortly thereafter he organized the first Surrealist exhibition in Mexico (1940) at the Galería de Arte Mexicano (GAM). DYN magazine, which was published as a quarterly from 1942 to 1944, carried articles written in French and English since, although it was published in Mexico, it was never intended for a Mexican readership. It was mainly circulated in New York and London, and its list of contributors included Alice Rahon, Edward Renouf, Eva Sulzer, César Moro, Manuel Álvarez Bravo and Miguel Covarrubias, Henry Moore and Alexander Calder. The following year one of the contributors, Robert Motherwell, joined Paalen to launch another magazine, Form and Sense (1945).

Researcher
Mireida Velázquez : CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
Courtesy of the personal archives of Wolfgang and Isable Paalen, A.C
Location
Biblioteca Justino Fernández del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México