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This article describes the exhibition of prints by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], which was held in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, in Valencia as well as in Madrid. The panoramic exhibition sponsored by the Liga y la Alianza Española de Intelectuales Antifascistas [Spanish League and Alliance of Antifascist Intellectuals], consisted of 400 graphic items that clearly represented the development of Mexican political prints. In the organizers’ opinion, it was considered necessary to exhibit them among those engaged in combat.
In addition to the political content of the prints in said exhibition, one of the main objectives of the event was the representation of the fusion between the Mexico of the present with the traditions and popular imagery, devoid of any academic influence. The selection of the pieces was made by the critic Fernando Gamboa and the muralist José Chávez Morado, both of whom were members of the League, which had decided to open up to the progressive and populist politics of the cardenismo (1934-1940), the era of presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas in Mexico. The fact that prints and caricatures by Santiago Hernández and Constantino Escalante were included, as well as flyers by José Guadalupe Posada (1852-1913), reveals the visual alternatives which reaffirmed a continuity and iconographic indebtedness to the liberal project. It was, on the other hand, a form of homage by LEAR to the tradition of political debate in its questioning and symbolic aspects.