The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article analyzes artistic education as a fundamental aspect of the work developed within the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education], with special emphasis on educational programs destined for the working class. It is believed that these programs have allowed the workers to gather in cultural centers thus keeping them from vices and deepening their appreciation of the national traditions. There is also special mention of the advancement registered by the Dirección de Dibujo y Trabajos Manuales in the teaching of the arts and their practical application to the arts and crafts industry.
Parallel to the development of the Muralist movement in our country, several artistic and pedagogical proposals were attempting to transform the teaching of art with the purpose of establishing the bases for an innovative Mexican art. In that respect, the SEP decidedly encouraged the implementation of different educational strategies based, especially, on the purpose to vindicate popular traditions. These strategies were aimed at the sectors that had previously been ignored by state policy, such as the case of native people and laborers. The main objective was to offer to the most vulnerable social classes a series of alternatives leading to their material and spiritual vindication. The success of these programs may be widely argued; however, the transcendence of their proposals may be found in the productive dialog established between the so-called "high culture" and the popular expressions.