Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This article discusses a plan by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City to purchase works by José Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera, Rufino Tamayo, Jesús Guerrero Galván, and Juan Soriano. The chosen artists’ formal and artistic qualities are outlined, and the MoMA is also identified as one of the “most valuable museums in the world.”

Annotations

The MoMA was the first institution outside Latin America to set about collecting and exhibiting Mexican art. As a precursor to this acquisitions program, we should remember that in 1931 the museum presented an exhibition of works by Diego Rivera (1886-1957). This was a particularly significant move since the institution had been open only for two years at that point, and had so far hosted only one solo exhibition, for the French painter Henri Matisse (1869-1954). The museum’s accession policies may have been guided by a diplomatic objective: in May 1940 the museum presented the major exhibition Veinte siglos del arte en México [Twenty Centuries of Art in Mexico]. The parameters were therefore designed to promote international cooperation and to distance Mexico from its revolutionary image by presenting it in a less radical, more peaceful light. Considered from that perspective, the works by Rufino Tamayo (1899-1991), Rivera, Jesús Guerrero Galván, and the young Juan Soriano (1920-2006) that the museum was planning to purchase seemed to be compatible with that cultural, somewhat depoliticized vision. 

Researcher
Dafne Cruz Porchini : CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit

Location
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional