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This article describes a great portion of the murals painted by the North American painter Grace Greenwood in Mexico, including her frescoes in the Aberlardo L. Rodríguez market and the Museo Michoacano, commissioned by the Universidad de San Nicolás de Hidalgo in Morelia. The author highlights her work at the market, above all her fresco technique and her handling of subjects, while at the same time praise the female painter’s involvement in mural painting. He reports that Greenwood used various models in order to carry out the work. It must be stated that the article is illustrated with many scenes of the market and other works by the painter.
The eldest of her sisters, Grace Greenwood studied art at the Arts Students League in New York. Her first visit to Mexico occurred in 1933. She served as an assistant to her sister Marion (1909-1970) on her works in Michoacán; Grace Greenwood painted her first individual mural on one of the walls at the Museo Michoacano on the theme of man versus machine. Given the sisters’ enthusiasm for state propaganda, Grace was also invited to paint one of the murals at the Abelardo L. Rodríguez market, taking Diego Rivera’s murals at SEP as her inspiration, particularly his references to the extraction of metals, the exploitation of the workers, and the links with the bourgeoisie, as well as the glorification of the worker and peasant under a red flag.
Grace Greenwood used 1930s visual symbols that she would not have been able to employ in the United States. It should be noted that the Greenwood sisters were welcomed into the Mexican Muralist movement because of Rivera’s endorsement, making no objection to their participation as he had done with other female muralists, such as María Izquierdo.