The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This is a survey that the magazine Nosotros [Us] directed to young writers under-thirty years of age; it sought to identify the existence and qualities of the “new generation” in Argentine literature. The questionnaire consists of seven questions and a brief introductory text that explains the reasoning behind the questions. This text affirms that, although “from time to time one may hear . . . some discontent voice that tries to undertake a revision of the old values in the name of his contemporaries, and pass judgment on generations past, and of pointing out the differences between the previous era and our own with regard to sensibility and ideology,” that voice rapidly disappears. After making this observation, the text asks if we were living in a moment of calm at that time. Nosotros created this survey in order to arrive at a precise answer.
Alfredo Bianchi and Roberto Giusti founded Nosotros magazine, which circulated between 1907 and 1943. It was one of the most important cultural magazines in Argentina and it enjoyed wide circulation throughout all Latin America. The publication also served as a legitimizing space for writers and artists.The Nosotros survey, entitled “Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria” [Our Survey on the New Literary Generation], took up the concept of the nueva generación as formulated by the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955). This concept was disseminated in the essay “El tema de nuestro tiempo” [The Theme of Our Times] (1923), which was published in the El Sol newspaper (Madrid) and was immediately reproduced in Nosotros magazine (Buenos Aires) in its 165th and 166th issues (see documents). In this way, the magazine echoed Ortega y Gasset’s perception of the principal characteristic of that historic time: the appearance of a new generation that opposed the ideas of the previous one. At the moment of the survey’s formulation, Nosotros undoubtedly also perceived that the local literary field was about to experience this generational confrontation, which was particularly evident in the activity of the Argentine Ultraísta group at the end of 1921.Beginning with this survey and with the dissemination of other texts by Ortega y Gasset, such as “Generación contra generación” [Generation Against Generation] and “El deber de la nueva generación argentina” [The Duty of the New Argentine Generation] (see documents), both from 1924, the nueva generación became identified with the group of writers linked to the literary renewal of the 1920s. This was particularly true of the avant-garde active during the second half of that decade.