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  • ICAA Record ID
    759462
    TITLE
    Los murales del Auditórium Emiliano Zapata / Raul Ortiz Avila
    IN
    El Nacional : Diario popular (México, D. F., México). -- Ene. 19, 1936
    DESCRIPTION
    p. [3] : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Reviews
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Ortíz Ávila, Raúl. "Los murales del Auditórium Emiliano Zapata." El Nacional: Diario popular (Mexico City), January 19, 1936.
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    Vicario Román, Jorge
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

Jorge Vicario Román, virtually unknown as a painter, was a native of the state of Morelos. In order to receive the commission for his mural painting he had to pass through “the tortuous paths of criticism.” The author believed that Vicario Román’s work served the masses. He lists the pictorial merits of his work, which were directly related to the narrative of the agrarian reform movement in Mexico. 

Annotations

One of the steadfast features of the post-revolutionary regimes was the expropriation of buildings that were later converted into confederations or unions. The “Emiliano Zapata” auditorium, later called the Casa del Pueblo o del Agrarista [House of the People or the Agrarian Reformer] was no exception and mural painting in the few remaining images of this building can be noted.

Mural painting contributed to the goals of the Lázaro Cárdenas regime (1934–40) regarding land distribution and the rights of the rural populace. Following the narrative structure of historical painting, while at the same time reinterpreting the murals painted by Diego Rivera at the Palacio Nacional, Vicario Román portrayed national agrarian reform beginning with the pre-Hispanic era, the viceroyalty, the struggle for independence, the Reform, the Porfirio Díaz regime, and the revolution. The artist highlighted the portraits of the national heroes who were always painted among the rural workers.

The article’s author, Raúl Ortiz Ávila, an editorial contributor to El Nacional, was head of the arts section for about a year, following Fernando Leal and Luis Cardoza y Aragón.

Researcher
Dafen Cruz Porchini
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional. México D.F., México