The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This catalog, published as a tribute to Joaquín Clausell, includes two texts. The first, by painter Roberto Montenegro, entitled “El artista” [The Artist] starts off with a brief survey of the representation of Mexican landscape from the pre-Columbian period through the twentieth century. Montenegro considers both Dr. Atl and Clausell to be the most important landscape painters in twentieth-century Mexico. While the two artists shared ideals, they followed different compositional paths throughout their work. Clausell, in his pictorial outlook, found that natural settings merely served as a pretext for him to give artistic form to his innermost interpretations. In fact, highlighting certain characteristics of his production, Montenegro classifies him as an Impressionist, deeming him one of the greatest contemporary artists in Mexico. The second essay, “El hombre” [The Man], written by Dr. Atl, is a biographical sketch of Clausell as both a painter and jurist. In order to show the landscape painter’s human qualities, Dr. Atl relates some stories from his life.
As one of the first Mexican Impressionists, Joaquín Clausell (1866 –1935) came from rural roots, and his early training was as an attorney and journalist. He did not even begin to paint until he was 35 years old. For political reasons, Clausell had to leave Mexico, stopping off in New York before he would reach France. In Paris, he came to know the work of several of France’s famous Impressionist painters: Claude Monet (1840-1926), Camille Pissarro (1830-1903) and the writer Émile Zola (1840-1902). Back in Mexico, Clausell, along with the painter Gerardo Murillo (better known as Dr. Atl, 1875-1964) and other artists, began to put into practice all those Impressionist techniques learned. They also disseminated their knowledge among the people of Ixtacalco and Xochimilco, among other areas around México City.This catalog includes a listing of the artist’s works and a reproduction of 14 paintings.