Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

www.mfah.org Home

IcaadocsArchive

Document first page thumbnail
  • ICAA Record ID
    758225
    TITLE
    Desfiguración del Arte mexicano : Se la atribuyen a Siqueiros, por su Bolchevismo
    IN
    Excélsior : El periódico de la vida nacional (México, D. F., México). -- May. 25, 1952
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 20A
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Declaraciones
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    "Desfiguración del Arte mexicano: Se la atribuyen a Siqueiros, por su Bolchevismo." Excélsior: El periódico de la vida nacional (Mexico City), May 25, 1952.
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

The painter Manuel Rodríguez Lozano declared in the newspaper Excélsior that Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros were mistaken in believing that an attack on communist painting constituted an attack on Mexican art. Rodríguez Lozano maintained that both painters were promoting an art that favored “socialist realism” theory, which provoked confusion among other artists and unleashed scandals that had nothing to do with art. For him, this attitude amounted to a de-nationalization of Mexican painting by submitting it to Russian norms and sterilizing its own development. He likewise launched severe critiques of the publicity campaigns that portrayed Orozco, Rivera and Siqueiros as the only Mexican artists.

Annotations

In the context of the World War II, many artists distanced themselves from any ideology or political theory that supported global authoritarian systems. In this sense, they opposed a world governed by rules and regulations. Like Rufino Tamayo, Manuel Rodríguez Lozano (1896-1971) rejected political painting and defended artistic freedom of expression. Both painters found an authentic and original expression in native, pre-Hispanic folk art; they were likewise compelled to distance themselves from the anecdotal and the narrative in favor of elements based on the primitive, simplicity of form and symbolic character. 

Researcher
Ana María Torres : CEPE, U.N.A.M. / CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional