The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
On the orders of the Mexican Under Secretary of Education, Bernardo J. Gastélum (the office manager), confirmed the dismissal of all the Etridentista painters who—led by Diego Rivera—had painted murals on the walls of the annex of the SEP, the ministry building in Mexico City. The buildings in question housed the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, the SEP facilities, and the National Stadium.
Lic. José Manuel Puig Casauranc, the Under Secretary of the Ministry of Education, labeled all mural painters as “etridentistas.” So that the Mexico City press, not knowing what that meant, used the same coinage. But not every painter who worked at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria had links to the poet behind the Estridentista movement, Manuel Maples Arce (1898-1981). At the time (1924), there was no homogenous definition of “Mexican mural painting.” This brief note reveals that Under Secretary Puig Casauranc called the painters “estridentistas” and gave orders to erase the “figures” painted on the walls of the buildings mentioned above.