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  • ICAA Record ID
    757395
    TITLE
    Reflexiones en torno al vitral contemporáneo / Ida Rodríguez P.
    IN
    Arquitectura México (México, D. F., México). -- T. XIX, no. 78 (Jun. 1962)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 123-125 : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Rodríguez Prampolini, Ida. "Reflexiones en torno al vitral contemporáneo." Arquitectura México (Mexico City) 24, no.78 (June 1962): 123-125.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    architect; artists; Belorussian; German; Plastic Integration; restoration (process); stained glass (visual works)
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    Böhm, Dominikus; Chagall, Marc
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
    Jerusalem, Israel; Mexico City, Mexico
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

Upon the installation of twelve stained glass windows designed by Marc Chagall in the synagogue at the University Medical Center of Jerusalem in February 1962, Ida Rodríguez [Prampolini] reflected on the resurgence of stained glass—for decorative purposes, especially in religious buildings—by architects, artists, and artisans. This resurgence implied a change in the artistic attitudes, a shift that subordinated individualism in order to participate in collective activities that served a social and “useful” function. Luminous glass, similar to living material, led to a resurgence of ancient techniques, as well as the development of innovative methods. These techniques were used in the construction of modern temples as well as in restorations, such as the cathedrals of Mexico City and Cuernavaca. The needs of the temple were put before those of the artist. Stained glass allowed light to pass through in a way that created an atmosphere of profound silence and spiritual elevation. 

Annotations

Mexico was not cut off from the resurgence of stained glass. Mathias Goeritz (1915–1990), along with architect Ricardo de Robina, designed the stained glass windows for the Catedral Metropolitana. In collaboration with Dr. González Ávalos, the owner of the Carretones Glass factory (in La Merced), Goeritz used the medieval method for manufacturing stained glass windows of neutral colors and geometric patterns with the intention of creating a golden hue within the cathedral. Although this text describes the techniques used to create stained glass, its true importance is that it defended the stained glass windows created by Goeritz for the Catedral Metropolitana. Since their installation, the windows have been the object of multiple criticisms and controversies. The ecclesiastic hierarchy has maintained an attitude of indifference and has allowed the few remaining windows to decay. Most of the windows have now been lost.

Sección de Arte, Arquitectura México, no. 14. Magazine editor: architect Mario Pani; head of the Sección de Arte: Mathias Goeritz.

Researcher
Ana María Rodríguez
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
Courtesy of Ida Rodríguez Prampolini, Veracruz, Veracruz
Location
Biblioteca Justino Fernández del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F. , México.