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The author of this text provides a detailed description of the mural—consisting of four panels painted by José Renau for the Casino de la Selva in Cuernavaca—and says that, "The project’s general theme is Spain and Mexico." Palencia then discusses the evolution of the various phases that were linked "to each other at a historical, spatial, and plastic level." He identifies some of the subjects of the work as being: the history of Spain up to the conquest of Mexico; the dramatic cosmic-mythological aspect of Mexican civilizations; the flourishing culture of the Spanish Golden Age; and the value of "the great navigators, discoverers, and colonizers."
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The Valencian painter Josep Renau (1907-82) was one of the few Spanish artists living in exile in Mexico who took an interest in mural painting. In his article, Palencia expresses his admiration for the challenge facing the Spaniard, which was to cover a space of “three hundred and forty three square meters.” At the time the article was written, Renau had been working on his project for two years and believed that it would be two more years before it was finished. The author is clearly interested in “emphasizing not only all that Spain has contributed to the Americas, but also the vast reserves intrinsic to the New World.”