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  • ICAA Record ID
    756518
    TITLE
    Abstracción y realismo : comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas / Por José Renau
    IN
    Nuestro Tiempo : Revista española de cultura (México, D. F., México). -- No. 4-5 (Sep., 1950)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 25-36
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Renau, José. "Abstracción y realismo: Comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas." Nuestro Tiempo: Revista española de cultura (Mexico City) 1, no.4-5 (September 1950): 25-36.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    Bazin, Germain; Camus, Albert; Huxley, Aldous; Ortega y Gasset, José, 1883-1955
Synopsis

This essay is a continuation of the exiled artist, José Renau’s, reflections on the preeminence of realism over abstraction. He believes that in the years following World War I, the art trends were characterized by an unbridled exaltation of individualism. He emphasizes that after a century of “self-sufficiency and disdain for spiritual concerns, the capitalist bourgeoisie once again begins to take an interest in ideological, cultural and intellectual problems.” Nevertheless, for Renau, this does not mean that the works of poets and painters are characterized by greater social and political commitment since artists “continue to exalt the absolute independence of the creative spirit.”

Annotations

José Renau (1907-82) was supposed to write three more essays on the subject of “abstraction and realism,” but the run of the magazine Nuestro Tiempo ended with this double edition. (It circulated once again in a second, more modest, incarnation a year later.) Thus we do not have Renau’s conclusions regarding the undoubtedly superior value he placed on realism over abstraction, which in this essay he judged to be one of the horsemen of the apocalypse: one in which the “bourgeois” spirit hysterically expresses the unrest of its desperate course toward the void. The ideals of Renau can be characterized as more radically political that those of the rest of the group of exiled artists. His style, clearly realist, found expression primarily in posters and murals. He denounced the atrocities of war through his famous photomontages and was interested in conveying an ideological message.   His first essay on this topic was published in the same magazine, Year 1, No. 1, July 1949. (See doc. 756512).

Researcher
María Teresa Suárez / Guadalupe Tolosa : CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
© FUNDACIÓN JOSEP RENAU - VALÈNCIA
Location
Ateneo Español de México, A. C.