The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
When Louis E. Rowley interviewed President General Álvaro Obregón, he inquired about a matter of huge concern to North Americans: Bolshevism in Mexico and the imposition of socialism. Obregón, avoiding any reference to the Soviet Union, said that Bolshevism means, primarily, that the government and the majority protect the interests of that majority. His goal, according to him, was to comply with the 1917 Constitution, and he promised that there would be no Bolshevism in Mexico. Though the 1917 Constitution liberated the destitute classes from the chains of medieval servitude, the objective now was to free them from the chains of modern economic slavery. While it is true that there is nothing more dangerous than breaking the chains of slavery, no act is nobler in a man’s life. The people and the government constitute one single organism. The interviewer concluded that Mexico was a victim of local “reactionary forces” and persistent distortions of its goals by foreigners.
These are the political opinions of General Álvaro Obregón—who was president for the period 1920-24—as expressed in an interview that was published in Revista El Maestro in 1923; they were thus conveyed to the whole country by teachers in charge of educating the masses. This magazine was illustrated by the artists who were involved in the mural movement that expressed the same concepts mentioned by President Obregón. The goal was to create and communicate a unified idea of Mexico as a nation through interviews, murals, and publications, among other media.