The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The Consejo Cultural y Artístico of Mexico City held a banquet to honor the poet José Juan Tablada, who would leave for New York the next day to continue the promotion of Mexican art in that city. This article includes a series of caricatures rendered by X. Peña of attendees at the event, among whom were the painters José Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera, Adolfo Best Maugard, and Roberto Montenegro, as well as officials and musicians. The only woman present was Fanny Anitúa, and she came to the event accompanied by her husband.
This article is interesting because it gives us an understanding of how José Juan Tablada (1871–1945) was able to bring together different generations such as that of Roberto Montenegro (1885–1968), who was a contributor to La Revista Moderna de México [Modern Journal of Mexico]. One of the purposes of the journal was to take culture beyond Mexican borders and into Latin America. Also assembled was the generation of Diego Rivera (1886–1957) and José Clemente Orozco (1883–1949), who represented the avant-garde of public artwork fostered by José Vasconcelos (1882–1959) from his post at the SEP [Ministry of Public Education]. The article is important because Tablada would be the one to promote Mexican avant-garde art in New York City.
X. Peña’s caricatures serve a graphic function because they emphasize the characteristic features of the figures mentioned above.