Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

In Mathias Goeritz’s opinion, the architect and sculptor Juan O’Gorman is an original visionary because in his artistic endeavors he tries to connect the arts and subordinate them to concepts that synthesize his extra-artistic convictions. Goeritz’s opinion is that O’Gorman’s artistic aspirations reflect unconventional ideals or beliefs, as if they were an act of protest linked to Dadaism. A brave man, the architect found his personal world under the influence of Antoni Gaudì, Simón Rodia, and Facteur Chaval. Consequently O’Gorman’s art seems to Goeritz to be representative, functional, materialistic, historical and nationalistic because the architect is still concerned with “the rights of man.” Goeritz considers him a most important artist.

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Juan O’Gorman (1905-1982) contributed to the evolution of functionalist architecture in Mexico, the most noteworthy examples of which are Diego Rivera’s Anahuacalli house atelier, and Frida Kahlo’s house in San Angel, which is a residential quarter of Mexico City. Later, under the influence of organic architecture, O’Gorman built his own house. As a painter, on the other hand, he is known worldwide for his murals in the library building Biblioteca Central de la Ciudad Universitaria (UNAM). To decorate its murals, he placed millions of colored stones that he collected from all over the Mexican Republic. These two latter works are perhaps those that Mathias Goeritz most admires, since both get close to his concepts of architectural integration.  Art Section, Arquitectura Mexico, no. 8. The director of the magazine is the architect Mario Pani, and Mathias Goeritz is in charge of the section referred to. 

Researcher
Ana María Rodríguez
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
Courtesy of Ida Rodríguez Prampolini and Daniel Goeritz Rodríguez, Veracruz, Mexico
Location
Biblioteca Justino Fernández del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México