The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The news report describes the visit of President Lázaro Cárdenas’s aides to the town of Janitzio, in his native state of Michoacán, because of a monumental work which was intended to be built there. The report mainly describes the construction stage of the monument on the island in the Lake of Pátzcuaro, as well as the plans for mural paintings: the first painted by Guillermo Ruiz, while the frescos were realized by Ramón Alva de la Canal. The article points out that the art proposal was supported by the oncoming cardenista .
The state of Michoacán wanted its cultural efforts to be equal to those of the center of the country, since it intended to enact an artistic program that would also reinforce a sense of Mexican identity and cohesion. It is important to bear in mind that the then candidate to the presidency, General Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-1940), had been the state governor and during his administration turned his conception of public art into inception. This first initiative, the monumental sculpture—with the effigy of a fundamental hero of the Mexican Independence—and its interior murals, implied at the same time, a regional project to rescue the local history. With the example of Michoacán, the purpose was to try to strengthen its artistic, cultural and political life, thus transcending the historical centralism of the national State.