The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This document details the activities of the two American sisters, Marion and Grace Greenwood, in Morelia (Michoacán). It offers, in addition, a rough description of the murals shown at the Museo Regional de Michoacán [Regional Museum of Michoacán]. The work was commissioned, fulfilling the wishes of the state government as well as the authorities at the Universidad Michoacana [University of Michoacán].
Part of the cultural plan of the State of Michoacán was an invitation to foreign artists to paint the walls of its alma mater in Morelia. The sisters Grace and Marion Greenwood (1909-1970)—Diego Rivera’s New York contacts—had been members of the Arts Students League of New York, and were familiar with Mexican mural painting. Marion painted representations of the rural economy of Pátzcuaro, in Michoacán, on the wall located in the inner courtyard of the central building of the Universidad Michoacana. Her sister Grace developed the state’s industrial themes. It is important to point out that the sisters stayed in the country and also participated actively on the mural project (1934-1936) completed by several artists at the Mercado Abelardo L. Rodríguez of Mexico City.
In this first article dedicated to the American artists, the dialogue and exchanges between Mexico and the United states are eloquent, as well as the idealized and nationalistic vision which so much surprised the American artists, who thus built a new imagery about the country.