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The catalogue for Juan Carlos Romero’s Violencia [Violence] exhibition (Buenos Aires: Centro de Arte y Comunicación [Art and Communication Center], April 1973). In his essay in the catalogue, Jorge Glusberg states that Romero has always challenged the status quo and “has been consistently involved in the currents of social evolution and change,” and that his works therefore “help to examine a number of economic, historical, and cultural events of his time.” He goes on to say that one of the qualities shared by artists, like Romero, who are members of the Grupo de los Trece [Group of Thirteen], is a concern for the reality of Third World countries, including the violence created by “socio-economic conditions.”


The Centro de Estudios de Arte y Comunicación [Center for Art and Communication Studies (CEAC)] was founded in 1968. Shortly after its first public event at the Galería Bonino in August-September of 1969, its name was changed to Centro de Arte y Comunicación (CAyC). Over the course of time and under the leadership of its director and theoretician, Jorge Glusberg, the CAyC sponsored a number of artists. The Grupo de los Trece [Group of Thirteen] was created in 1971, and included Jacques Bedel, Luis Benedit, Gregorio Dujovny, Carlos Ginzburg, Víctor Grippo, Jorge González Mir, Vicente Marotta, Luis Pazos, Alfredo Portillos, Juan Carlos Romero, Julio Teich, Horacio Zabala, Alberto Pellegrino, and Glusberg himself. After a time, some of the original artists left the group and others joined, and in about 1975 Bedel, Benedit, Grippo, Portillos, and Glusberg formed the Grupo CAyC.  

Natalia Pineau
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Courtesy of the personal archives of Juan Carlos Romero, Buenos Aires Argentina
Biblioteca del Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes.