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  • ICAA Record ID
    Beuys, Joseph
    Comparación entre dos tipos de sociedades : La forma de destruir la dictadura de los partidos / Joseph Beuys
    Buenos Aires, Argentina. : [s.n.], Setiembre de 1972
    [2] leaves
    Other – Artists’ Statement
    Beuys, Joseph. "Comparación entre dos tipos de sociedades: La forma de destruir la dictadura de los partidos." In Arte de Sistemas II: Arte de Sistemas Internacional. Arte de Sistemas Argentina. CAyC al aire libre. Exh. cat., Buenos Aires: Centro de Arte y Comunicación (CAyC), 1972.

As part of his submission to the Arte de Sistemas II [Systems Art II] exhibition, the German artist Joseph Beuys provided a plastic bag which was sometimes used as the catalogue’s “wrapper.” Beuys used graphics on both sides of the bag to outline his political ideas.


In 1968, the Centro de Estudios de Arte y Comunicación [Center for Art and Communications Studies (CEAC)] was created, which, shortly after its first public event at the Galería Bonino (August–September 1969), changed its name to Centro de Arte y Comunicación [Art and Communications Center (CayC)]. Always led by Jorge Glusberg as director and theoretician, the CAyC sponsored several different artists throughout its time. In 1971, the Grupo de los Trece [Group of the Thirteen] was created, made up of Jacques Bedel, Luis Benedit, Gregorio Dujovny, Carlos Gizburg, Víctor Grippo, Jorge González Mir, Vicente Marotta, Luís Pazos, Alfredo Portillos, Juan Carlos Romero, Julio Teich, Horacio Zabala, Alberto Pellegrino, and Jorge Glusberg. Later on, some artists moved on while others were included; in 1975, the CayC Group included the participation of Bedel, Benedit, Grippo, Portillos, and Glusberg.

As part of the interdisciplinary action that the CayC intended since inception in 1969 (“Qué es el CEAC” [What is the CEAC], during the Primera Muestra del Centro de Estudios de Arte y Comunicación de la Fundación de Investigación Interdisciplinaria presentada en la Galería Bonino de Buenos Aires, [First Exhibition of the Center of Art and Communication Studies of the Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research presented at the Bonino Gallery in Buenos Aires] August–September 1969), the organization of courses and seminars taught by acknowledged intellectuals gets started. Beginning in 1973, with the founding of the Escuela de Altos Estudios [School of Advanced Studies] of the CAyC, this type of activity fell under their scope.

“Arte de sistemas” was the term coined by Jorge Glusberg to define the various artistic proposals carried out within CAyC’s sphere of influence. According to this definition, a work was understood as a system of signs that could, in turn, refer to a variety of codes: political, ecological, conceptual, and cybernetic, among others. Therefore, above and beyond the myriad meanings suggested by the works, they all had something in common in that each could be classified as a system. This meant that the works could theoretically be either mass produced or multiplied in some way, thus stressing the relevance of the creative process rather than the finished product. 

There were three different parts to the Arte de Sistemas II [Systems Art II] exhibition that was held in Buenos Aires in September 1972: Arte de Sistemas Internacional [Systems Art International] (Museo de Arte Moderno), Arte de Sistemas Argentina [Systems Art Argentina] (Centro de Arte y Comunicación [Art and Communication Center), and CAyC al Aire Libre [CAyC in the Open Air], or Arte e Ideología, CAyC al Aire Libre [Art and Ideology, CAyC Al Fresco] (Plaza Roberto Arlt), all of which were presented in Buenos Aires. The countries that participated in the international exhibition were Germany, Austria, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Chile, Colombia, Spain, France, Greece, Holland, Hungary, England, Israel, Italy, Japan, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Switzerland, Uruguay, and U.SA. 

The Argentine artists who participated in the events were Jacques Bedel, Luis Benedit, Gregorio Dujovny, Carlos Ginzburg, Jorge Gamarra, Víctor Grippo,  Jorge González Mir, Jorge Glusberg, Vicente L. Marotta, Luis Pazos, Alberto Pellegrino, Hebe Conte, Alfredo Portillos, Juan Carlos Romero, Julio Teich, Horacio Zabala, Beatriz Arraiano, Ricardo Amadasi, Roberto Aizemberg, Juan Bercetche, Cecilia Buyaude, Elda Cerrato, Carlos Claiman, Hebe Conte, Mirtha Dermisache, Jorge Duarte, Roberto Duarte Laferriere, Carlos Espartaco, Mercedes Estevez, Jorge Frascara, Federico Faivre, César Fioravanti, Jorge Gamarra, Nicolás García Uriburu, Haroldo González, the Grupo K-71 [K-71 Group], the Grupo Blanco Espacio Humano [White Human Space Group], Usi Kotler, Eduardo Leonetti, Jorge Lezama, Adalberto Marzano, Oscar Maxera, César Mazzitelli, Arturo Montagu, the Movimiento Música Más [Music More Movement], Moisés Nusimovich, Leonardo Perel, Ricardo Roux, Marta Raffo, Osvaldo Romberg, Nathán Saniewicz, Elsa Soibelman, Jaime Silvera, and Enrique Sardi. 

Natalia Pineau.
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Biblioteca del Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes.