Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art Home


Document first page thumbnail
Editorial Categories [?]

Antonio Rodríguez begins his text by justifying, to a degree, José Luís Cuevas’ harsh denunciation of the Mexican muralism movement to Marta Traba. The writer states that Cuevas, as a young painter and critic of his time, should be allowed such irreverence; nevertheless, he warns that Cuevas is risking his prestige and standing—at least until he has amassed a body of work that supports this heresy and gives him the right to attack others and defend himself. The author repeats some of the statements he made to Traba, the Argentine critic based in Colombia; in them Cuevas affirmed that muralism was a spectacular monstrosity, that it contributed nothing to art, and that it had already been buried along with its founding fathers. In addition to criticizing José Clemente Orozco and Rufino Tamayo, Cuevas states that he cannot understand why Colombian artists continue to defend the muralist movement given that, for him, it was nothing more than the manifestation of the political interests of the painters involved in the movement, and that it was pervaded by a picturesque quality that appealed to American tourists. Rodríguez notes that both Traba and José Gómez Sicre gratuitously declared themselves enemies of this Mexican art movement.


In her book, Pintura Mexicana contemporánea en tiempos de cambio [Contemporary Mexican Painting in Time of Change] (1989), Shifra M. Goldman stated that the campaign against the Mexican school reached its most eloquent expression in the 1960s, with the conferences and writings of Marta Traba and José Luís Cuevas. She also maintained that various painters and writers in Mexico considered that the activities of Gómez Sicre, Traba, and Argentine art critic Jorge Romero Brest constituted a campaign to change the direction of Mexican art. Nevertheless, critics such as Antonio Rodríguez doggedly continued to defend the muralist movement. 

Leticia Torres : CURARE A.C.
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Courtesy of María Antonieta Fernández Moreno, Mexico City, México
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional