Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This article analyzes the sculpture exhibition held at Galería Krayd, emphasizing the modern concept that understands the sculptural object as a unity of volume and space. In this way, Pellegrini observes that while some artists discard volume and are interested only in the line’s spatial trajectory, others attempt the transformation of natural forms based on the visual and constructive necessities of the spatial work. The prominent artists he mentions include Enio Iommi, Claudio Girola, Juan Otano, Gregorio Vardanega, Magda Frank, Aurelio Macchi, Noemí Gerstein, Martín Blaszko, Líbero Badii, and Juan Carlos Labourdette. 

Annotations

Aldo Pellegrini (Rosario 1903–Buenos Aires 1973) was a distinguished poet, dramaturge, essayist, and art critic within Argentinean cultural circles. From the beginning, he was linked to the development of Surrealism, and he also directed various publishing projects. Pelligrini also supported and publicized various aspects of Abstract art, promoting some groups such as Artistas Modernos de la Argentina [Modern Artists of Argentina] and Asociación Arte Nuevo [New Art Association].

Letra y Línea. Revista de cultura contemporánea. Artes plásticas. Literatura. Teatro. Cine. Música. Crítica [Letter and Line. A Contemporary Culture Magazine. Visual Arts. Literature. Drama. Film. Music. Criticism] was a contemporary culture publication directed by Pellegrini; its four issues appeared between October 1953 and July 1954. Its collaborators included writers, musicians, and poets such asEdgar Bayley (1919–1990), Osvaldo Svanascini (1920), Oliverio Girondo (1890–1967), Mario Trejo (1926), Enrique Molina (1910–1997), Juan Carlos Paz (1897–1972), and Norah Lange (1906–1972), among others.

Oliverio Girondo was an Argentinean poet who was married to fellow poet Norah Lange. He was linked to the writers of Martín Fierro magazine, including Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986), Raúl González Tuñón (1905–74), Macedonio Fernández (1874–1952), Ricardo Güiraldes (1886–1926), and Leopoldo Marechal (1900–70), among many others. In the 1930s, Girondo was intensely active in public literary circles. Later, due to the experimental nature of the poems published in his bok En la masmédula [In the Very Gist], he wielded significant influence over the generation of poets associated with Pellegrini and Letra y Línea [Letter and Line] magazine. 

Jean Dubuffet (1901–85) was a French painter who used the term art brut [rough art] to describe his work; he sought to work in keeping with an art free of intellectual preoccupations. He was also interested in the aesthetic creations of mental patients, prisoners, and children. 

This source documents the links Pellegrini found between certain elements of Dubuffet’s work—such as spontaneity and risk—with those surrealist elements that he himself proclaimed. The text also documents his early support for Dubuffet’s introduction in Argentinean circles; Dubuffet’s aesthetic proved to be key in the developments achieved by the artists of the Informalist group toward the end of that decade.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Víctor Chab.