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    Nacimiento y evolución del movimiento surrealista / Aldo Pellegrini
    Cursos y Conferencias : Revista del Colegio Libre de Estudios Superiores. -- Vol. 38, no. 226-227-228 (ene.-feb.-mar. 1951)
    p. 642 - 664
    Journal article – Essays
    Pellegrini, Aldo. "Nacimiento y evolución del movimiento surrealista." Cursos y Conferencias: Revista del Colegio Libre de Estudios Superiores (Buenos Aires), vol. 38, no. 226-227-228 (January-February-March 1951): 298–664.

The article by Pellegrini traces the historical past, beginning with the moment when the group of the magazine Littérature—headed by André Breton, Louis Aragon, Paul Elouard and Philippe Soupault—split apart from the Dada group; a period when the Surrealist group is formed, joining René Crevel, Robert Desnos, and Benjamin Peret. The article mentions the different members and the magazines published analyzing diverse topics of interest to Surrealism such as: psychoanalysis, dialectics, the rebellion against conventional life, desire, myth, dreams, chance, the marvelous and the pessimistic. The critic concludes by proposing some of the reasons why the initial group split up, pointing out that in spite of their differences, they all pursued “the marvelous.”


Aldo Pellegrini (1903–1973) was a poet, playwright, essayist, and art critic with a prominent role in Argentine culture. Linked to the development of Surrealism since its inception, he directed several editorial projects. Pellegrini also supported and expanded the various trends of Abstract art, encouraging groups such as Artistas Modernos de la Argentina [Modern Artists of Argentina] and the Asociación Arte Nuevo [Association of New Art].

Cursos y Conferencias [(Courses and Conferences] was a magazine published by the Colegio Libre de Estudios Superiores (CLES), between July 1931 and December 1960. Its 288 issues dealt with different topics (from physics, art, and philosophy to topics of general interest). Originally, it was published monthly, then quarterly, and finally every six months. At the time of the publication of this article it was directed by Arturo Frondizi (1908-1995), one of the most prominent politicians of the Radical Party during the 1940s who, from 1958 through 1962, was the elected President of Argentina. During those years the CLES turned into a gathering space for the most important intellectuals opposed to the Peronist regime.

This document, which corresponds to a conference by Pellegrini at the Colegio Libre de Estudios Superiores on July 11, 1950, was selected because it summarizes his ideas and knowledge about Surrealism. This presentation was followed by another one on July 4, 1950, at the same location. As a reference, see #745425.

Cristina Rossi
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Fundación Espigas.