The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The magazine Inicial: Revista de la nueva generación [Initial: Magazine of the New Generation], published this anonymous article under the title “Un filósofo de la nueva generación” [A Philosopher of the New Generation] (v. 1, no. 3, December 1923, pp. 58–63); it analyzes the book, El tema de nuestro tiempo [The Subject Matter of Our Time]. Its author, the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset, was a pragmatic philosopher who understood the truth as “un simple proceso de adaptación a fines prácticos” [a simple process of adaptation to practical ends], according to the author. In this essay Ortega y Gasset explains the error in the interpretation of his philosophy. The book’s intention, as the author indicates, is “armonizar el carácter trascendente, ultra-biológico de la verdad con el carácter inmanente, biológico del pensamiento” [to reconcile the transcendent, ultra-biological character of the truth with the immanent biological nature of thought].
The ideas of José Ortega y Gasset (1883–1955) were widely disseminated throughout Argentina, beginning with the Madrid philosopher’s first visit to the country in 1916. During the 1920s his concept of the “nueva generación” [new generation] acquired great significance given that it was understood that it was in this manner that the young writers were linked to the aesthetic renewal of those years. This concept was developed through various texts, such as El tema de nuestro tiempo [The Subject Matter of Our Time], “Generación contra generación” [Generation Against Generation], and “El deber de la nueva generación argentina” [The Duty of the New Argentine Generation]. The first appeared in book form in 1923, but it was previewed by the magazine Nosotros [Us] (Buenos Aires), divided into two consecutive numbers of the magazine (nos. 165 and 166), shortly after its publication in El Sol [The Sun] in Madrid. These two latter texts were published by the La Nación newspaper on July 28 and April 6, 1924, respectively.This article is the second part of “El deber de la nueva generación argentina.” The essays mentioned are linked to the survey carried out by the magazine Nosotros (Buenos Aires) entitled “Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria” [Our Survey of the New Literary Generation], which appeared in no. 168 (May 1923).