The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In this essay the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset proposes the existence of “épocas acumulativas” [cumulative periods] and “épocas eliminatorias y polémicas” [eliminatory and controversial periods] in the course of historical development with respect to the establishments of the previous generation (ideas, values, tastes, ideology, etc). In the first case, the new generation continues to develop “ideas germinadas anteriormente” [ideas that were previously sown] existing in “perfecta homogeneidad entre lo recibido” [perfect harmony with the establishment] and with its “propia espontaneidad” [own spontaneity]. In the second, the new generation “siente el inmediato pasado como algo que es urgente reformar desde su raíz] [interprets the immediate past as something that must be reformed from its roots], existing in “heterogeneidad” [disharmony] with its “caracteres propios” [own characteristics], and the establishment. This situation is the result of a change in “sensibilidad vital” [essential sensibility], in other words, “de la sensación radical ante la vida, de cómo se sienta la existencia en su integridad indiferenciada” [from the radical sensation of life, of how one feels existence in its undifferentiated wholeness].
The ideas of José Ortega y Gasset (1883–1955) were widely disseminated throughout Argentina, beginning with the Madrid philosopher’s first visit to the country in 1916. During the 1920s his concept of the “nueva generación” [new generation] acquired great significance given that it was understood that the young writers were linked to the aesthetic renewal of those years in this manner. This concept was developed through various texts, such as El tema de nuestro tiempo [The Subject Matter of Our Time], “Generación contra generación” [Generation Against Generation], and “El deber de la nueva generación argentina” [The Duty of the New Argentine Generation]. The first appeared in book form in 1923, but it was previewed by the magazine Nosotros [Us] (Buenos Aires), divided into two consecutive numbers of the magazine (nos. 165 and 166), shortly after its publication in El Sol [The Sun] in Madrid. These two latter texts were published by the La Nación newspaper on July 28 and April 6, 1924, respectively.The essays mentioned are linked to the survey carried out by the magazine Nosotros (Buenos Aires) entitled, “Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria” [Our Survey on the New Literary Generation], which appeared in No. 168 (May 1923). Nosotros was founded by Alfredo Bianchi and Roberto Giusti and was published from 1907 to 1943. It was one of the most important cultural magazines of its time.