The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In this essay, Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset revisits the ideas he set forth in the articles published by the journal Nosotros [Us] (Buenos Aires) under the title “Las Revistas: El tema de nuestro tiempo” [The Magazines: The Topic of Our Times] (issues No. 165 and 166). On the one hand, he again explains that through the course of history, “hay épocas en que las generaciones sucesivas se diferencian poco entre sí” [there are periods when successive generations have few differences], since there is a natural continuity of thought, ideas, values, etc. “[H]ay otras épocas, como la actual, en que esa continuidad se rompe” [There are other periods, such as the current one, when that sequence breaks down]. Ortega y Gasset goes on to explain that in the current breaks with the prior period, “aún no han sido elaborados los nuevos dogmas” [new dogmas have yet to be created], [moreover,] “a una idea de ayer no sigue…otra idea concreta . . . sino un estado de espíritu puramente formal” [yesterday’s idea is not followed by. . . any other specific idea . . . rather a purely formal state of mind]. Today, “la nueva generación no posee . . . ni siquiera en esquema, un repertorio distinto que oponer al antiguo” [the new generation doesn’t even have . . . a plan, or any new range of possibilities to counter the old].
The thoughts of José Ortega y Gasset (1883–1955) were well known throughout Argentina after the Madrid philosopher’s first visit to Argentina in 1916. During the 1920s, his concept of a “nueva generación” [new generation] assumed great relevance. This was in fact how the young writers linked to the aesthetic revival in those years came to be understood. His concept was developed through several essays such as El tema de nuestro tiempo [The Topic of Our Times], “Generación contra generación” [Generation against Generation] and “El deber de la nueva generación argentina” [The Duty of the New Generation in Argentina]. El tema de nuestro tiempo appeared in book form in 1923, but was printed in advance by the journal Nosotros (Buenos Aires) in two installments (issues No. 165 and 166), just after it was published in El Sol [The Sun] in Madrid. The daily newspaper La Nación [The Nation] published the other two essays on July 28 and April 6, 1924, respectively.These essays must be linked to a survey performed by the journal Nosotros (Buenos Aires), entitled “Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria” [Our Survey on the New Literary Generation], which appeared in issue No. 168 (May 1923).(See doc. no. 743376 and doc. no.743390.)