The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The document is in reference to the presentation of the Argentinean delegation organized by the Subsecretaría de Difusión del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de la República Argentina [Undersecretary for Dissemination of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of the Argentinean Republic]. The official text highlights the desire to fulfill a cordial mission of solidarity with the brothers of America and the world; in addition, by building a hierarchy of artists’ work through grants and benefits, President Perón’s Justicialist government also contributed to the well-being of those who presented their work at this Biennial. It’s important to point out that this was the first Argentinean participation in this international event in São Paulo, since the intervention announced for the Biennial I did not take place.
The Second São Paulo Biennial was held at the Museu de Arte Moderna between December 1953 and February 1954. Argentina was represented by Luis Barragán, Martín Blaszko, Germaine Derbecq, Sarah Grilo, Alfredo Hlito, Gyula Kosice, Raúl Lozza, Tomás Maldonado, Rosario Moreno, Fernández Muro, Benicio Nuñez, Miguel Ocampo, Rafael Onetto, Juan Otano, Orlando Pierre, Lidy Prati, Leopoldo Presas, Raúl Russo, Ideal Sánchez, Bruno Venier, Julián Althabe, Líbero Badii, Pablo Curatella Manes, Claudio Girola, and Enio Iommi.
This document is evidence that, even during the government of Juan Domingo Perón (1952–1955), the representation of Argentina in the II Bienal de Arte de São Paulo included, along with the acclaimed figurative artists, an important group of young abstract artists attempting to modernize the Buenos Aires art scene.