The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article covers the discussion that took place in the Mexican House of Representatives regarding the university and the fine arts departments. After the debate, the Departamento de Bellas Artes [Fine Arts Department] was separated from the Departamento Universitario [University Department]. The Secretaría de Fomento [Ministry of Economic Development] would regulate the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, and the Museo de Historia Natural would remain under the auspices of the Departamento Universitario.
The article allows insight on how the decision was made to separate the city’s museums from the Departamento Universitario during the Carrancismo era in 1917. An investigation into how the different museums and fine arts schools were divided up explains the arbitrary division of the collections, which at one time belonged to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes. From the founding of the Academia de San Carlos, these museums had been acquiring the works of the principal artists of the 18th century, either by donation, purchase, or competition.
This document shows how these collections and archives that had once belonged to the Old Academy were divided. It also sheds light on how the division of these collections among the different states represented a new valuation of modern Mexican art.