The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article provides a brief definition and introduction to the magazine La Campana de Palo [The Wooden Bell], while also placing it within the artistic-literary milieu of Argentina.
La Campana de Palo published its first six editions between June and December 1925. After a lapse in publication, the magazine reappeared in September 1926 with a contiguous enumeration, although using a different format and with the subtitle Periódico Mensual. Bellas Artes y Polémica [Monthly Newspaper: Fine Arts and Debate]. This second period of publication lasted until September–October 1927; within it eleven issues were published.
La Campana de Palo was one of the main publications for the dissemination of the ideas belonging to the anarchist group led by Alfredo Chiabra-Acosta, who was also known by the pseudonym Atalaya or At.
This text (“refrain”), which served to define the publication, is taken from the magazine Acción de Arte [Art Action] (1920–22). The editors of La Campana de Palo modified the headings of each of the “stanzas”; in other words, in place of “Acción de arte,” the title of the new magazine appears: La Campana de Palo. This repetition was meant to create a genealogy for the magazine: letting it be known that there was never a departure from the goals proposed by the earlier issues.
Acción de Arte and La Campana de Palo were edited by Atalaya and Carlos Giambiagi. Many of the contributors of the former publication also served as writers for the latter. Acción de Arte was clearly characterized by a combative stance with respect to the state of the 1920s Argentinean art field.