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  • ICAA Record ID
    735650
    TITLE
    Diego Rivera lanza ataques porque su mural no va a París : Descontento porque la obra que ensalza a Stalin se queda en México
    IN
    Excélsior : El periódico de la vida Nacional (México, D. F., México). -- Mar. 12, 1952
    DESCRIPTION
    p. [1-A] y 11-A
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Artists’ Statement
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
     Excélsior: El periódico de la vida nacional (México D.F:). "Diego Rivera lanza ataques porque su mural no va a París: Descontento porque la obra que ensalza a Stalin se queda en México." March 12, 1952, [1-A] y 11-A.
Synopsis

Diego Rivera speaks at length to the newspaper Excélsior on learning that President Miguel Alemán’s administration has refused to send his mural to the 1952 Paris Exhibition. In the first place, Rivera claims that the government has ridden roughshod over his right to freedom of expression. He goes on to say that Carlos Chávez and Fernando Gamboa were taking decisions concerning Mexican art based on their own agenda, whereas the artists themselves should have the final say in these matters. As his third point, Rivera proposes the dissolution of the INBA (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes), to be replaced by the Ministerio de Bellas Artes y Letras de México [Ministry of Fine Arts and Letters of Mexico]. In his fourth point, Rivera assumes that the key factor in the decision is that the mural would be sent to the United States as well as to Paris. Finally, Rivera excoriates the above-mentioned directors, claiming that young people will not attend the event because of this porfiriano-musolinesca decision [a reference to the kind of authoritarian rule].

Annotations

In this article, Diego Rivera lists all his objections to the decision taken by the Mexican authorities, who refused to send his mural to Paris. His arguments, however, do not clearly establish the role played by the conservative government of Miguel Alemán (1946-1952), which radically altered the country’s direction by reducing expenditures on social programs, education, health, and culture. The expression “porfiriano-musolinesco” is an allusion to the authoritarian nature of both governments: Porfirio Díaz governed Mexico from 1876 to 1911, and Benito Mussolini was in power in Italy from 1922 through the end of the Second World War.

Researcher
Esther Acevedo : Dirección de Estudios Históricos, INAH / CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional