The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
Diego Rivera insists that what he painted on his transportable mural—titled Gloriosa Victoria [Glorious Victory] and inspired by recent events in Guatemala—was an accurate representation, based on facts provided by reliable sources. Rivera justifies his mural, identifying the people he portrayed and providing a detailed explanation of his reasons for painting them. The article is Rivera’s response to Mario Alvarado Rubio, who accused him of lying about the events depicted in this mural.
In 1953 Jacobo Arbenz (1913-71), the president of Guatemala, started an agrarian revolution in his country, confiscating uncultivated lands from the United Fruit Company and giving them to Guatemalan families. The United Fruit Company, which had for many years controlled the banana business in Central America, felt threatened by the Guatemalan president’s radical move, both in terms of its financial and territorial interests in the region and as it affected certain members of the United States government, who were shareholders in the company. They deemed it undesirable to have a “communist” government in Latin America, so they launched “Operation Guatemala” under the auspices of the CIA. Arbenz was overthrown in 1954, and sought political exile in Mexico. Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas, who had long supported the political goals of the United States in Central America, became the president of Guatemala. Diego Rivera painted Gloriosa Victoria to bear witness to the event; his intention was to show the transportable mural at an exhibition in Warsaw.
The mural is now at the A.S. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow.