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    David A. Siqueiros es un caballo troyano en Los Amigos del Arte : su exposición de pintura será custodiada por el cuerpo de bomberos
    Crítica (Buenos Aires, Argentina). -- No. 6873 (Jun. 8, 1933)
    Newspaper article – notes
    Crítica (Buenos Aires). "David A. Siqueiros es un caballo troyano en Los Amigos del Arte: su exposición de pintura será custodiada por el cuerpo de bomberos." no. 6873 (June 8, 1933).
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This article calls attention to the agitation produced by the work of Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros among Argentinean artists. It warns about the possibility of an attempt against his works by reactionary painters, although it does not name them. 


Having been expelled from the United States, David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) traveled to Montevideo in February of 1933, and by the end of May in that same year he had established himself in Buenos Aires. In the River Plate, Siqueiros experimented with technique and presented arguments based on the contents of his lecture Los vehículos de la pintura dialéctico-subversiva [The Vehicles of Dialectical-Subversive Painting], which he had developed while in the United States. In June he exhibited in Buenos Aires at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art], a liberal and modernizing arts institution. He gave controversial lectures that polarized the arts field into the defenders of "arte puro" ["pure art"] and "arte político" ["political art"]. He was supported by Contra. La revista de los francotiradores [Against: The Snipers' Magazine] run by the leftist writer Raúl González Tuñón [see documents 733230, 733314, and 733270, among others]. Siqueiros collaborated on the newspaper Crítica [Critique], run by Natalio Botana. Botana commissioned Siqueiros to paint a mural in the cellar of his house, Quinta Los Granados, in Don Torcuato, in the Province of Buenos Aires. 


The Equipo Poligráfico Ejecutor [Lead Polygraphic Team]--formed by Siqueiros, Antonio Berni (1905-81), Lino Enea Spilimbergo (1896-1964), Juan Carlos Castagnino (1908-72), and the Uruguyan set-designer Enrique Lázaro--created Ejericio Plástico [Visual Exercise], with distorted nudes over the curved surface of the vaulted ceiling, by means of photographic projection. It was conceived as a fresco on cement, using such technical innovations as application by mechanical tools and the use of industrial silicates. In December 1933, sketches and photographs of the mural were exhibited in the magazine Signo [Sign] premises. Currently the work is in storage due to litigation; damage may affect its conservation. At that time, Argentinean right-wingers strongly attacked the Mexican Communist in its publications Bandera Argentina [Argentinean Flag] and Crisol [Melting pot], which were representative of the Catholic Nationalism that had gained momentum since the military coup of 1930 [see documents 733206, 734077, and 733182, among others].


This document expresses concern over the violence of the attacks from the far-right against the Mexican artist; a satirical drawing illustrates in this note the possibility of an attempt--against the artworks shown at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art]--by the most reactionary right winged individuals. That argument was used by the Asociación Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Association] to adjourn Siqueiros' Third Lecture from its premises.

Roberto Amigo
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Biblioteca Nacional, Buenos Aires.