Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

The editorial section of Mundo nuevo [New World], an anarcho-syndicalist magazine, presents a defense of socially committed art, in accordance with the ideology of the workers’ movement. The editor maintains that art should serve the class struggle as well as be the voice of the proletariat confronting the dominion of the bourgeoisie. 

Annotations

It is commonly asserted that the arrival of David Alfaro Siqueiros in Argentina had a great impact on local art milieu serving to politicize it. Nevertheless, it is possible to demonstrate, taking advantage of several documents, such as the present one, that the debate proposed by the Mexican artist had already begun in the Argentinean art circles well before his arrival. These matters had been discussed mainly from the anarcho-syndicalist point of view, which had called for political art since the late-1910s. At the beginning of the 1930s, the need for art that served the proletarian struggle was being really stressed. 

This document, published in 1932, one year before Siqueiros arrived in Argentina, in Mundo nuevo [New World], a magazine of anarcho-syndicalist ideology, is practically a program for the arts. The printer Guillermo Facio Hebéquer collaborated on the publication; he was a pivotal figure on the path from anarchist art to a proletarian art that was closer to workers’ Communism. 

Researcher
Roberto Amigo
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Cedinci, Buenos Aires.