The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The editorial section of Mundo nuevo [New World], an anarcho-syndicalist magazine, presents a defense of socially committed art, in accordance with the ideology of the workers’ movement. The editor maintains that art should serve the class struggle as well as be the voice of the proletariat confronting the dominion of the bourgeoisie.
It is commonly asserted that the arrival of David Alfaro Siqueiros in Argentina had a great impact on local art milieu serving to politicize it. Nevertheless, it is possible to demonstrate, taking advantage of several documents, such as the present one, that the debate proposed by the Mexican artist had already begun in the Argentinean art circles well before his arrival. These matters had been discussed mainly from the anarcho-syndicalist point of view, which had called for political art since the late-1910s. At the beginning of the 1930s, the need for art that served the proletarian struggle was being really stressed.
This document, published in 1932, one year before Siqueiros arrived in Argentina, in Mundo nuevo [New World], a magazine of anarcho-syndicalist ideology, is practically a program for the arts. The printer Guillermo Facio Hebéquer collaborated on the publication; he was a pivotal figure on the path from anarchist art to a proletarian art that was closer to workers’ Communism.