Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

www.mfah.org Home

IcaadocsArchive

Document first page thumbnail
  • ICAA Record ID
    733088
    TITLE
    José Clemente Orozco : Pinturas Murales : en la Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco / prefacio de Luis Cardoza y Aragón ; fotografías por los señores Ignacio Gómez Gallardo, Juan Arauz Lomelí y Luis G. Castañeda
    IMPRINT
    México : Imprenta Mundial, 1937
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Book/Pamphlet – Catalogs
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    José Clemente Orozco: Pinturas Murales; en la Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco. Exh. cat., Mexico: Imprenta Mundial, 1937.
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
    ADDITIONAL AUTHORS
    Arauz Lomelí, Juan; Castañeda, Luis G.; Gómez Gallardo, Ignacio
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

The art critic Luis Cardoza y Aragón talks about the transformation undergone by José Clemente Orozco over a 15-year period, as he compares the murals at the University of Guadalajara with those at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria in Mexico City, the latter being one of his earliest murals. In the assembly hall of the University of Guadalajara, Cardoza sees a more complex work, as the artist creates, to a certain extent, a symphonic orchestration. Cardoza judges that the mural at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria lacks the complexity and richness evident in Guadalajara. The painting in Guadalajara, in turn, was conceived as a sphere, and not simply as a succession of mural panels. He points out, however, that in spite of the revolutionary work, he keeps using religious allegories which represent science, labor, struggle and life.

Annotations

Luis Cardoza y Aragón (1901-1992), the Mexico City-based Guatemalan writer, critic, diplomat, had been a member of the literary group called Contemporáneos since the 1920s. Among the three renowned muralist painters, he preferred José Clemente Orozco (1883-1949); and it is through Cardoza’s writings that we can follow the progress as well as the tendencies that Orozco aimed at in his mural paintings. This artist considered man the central focus of his encompassing project, in which there are no gods. The article is illustrated by multiple and varied views, of the cupola as well as of the walls. The photographs were taken by Luis G. Castañeda.

Researcher
Esther Acevedo
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
Courtesy of El Colegio de Mexico. Authorized by Dr. Manuel Ordorica Mellado, Mexico City, Mexico
© 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Donación Alma Mérida : Museo Nacional de Arte