Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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  • ICAA Record ID
    733040
    AUTHOR
    Biblioteca Nacional de México
    TITLE
    Cuatro azules : Feininger, Jawlensky, Kandinsky, Paul Klee : exposición : óleos, acuarelas, grabados, litografías : Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico, del 24 de noviembre al 1o. de diciembre de 1931
    IMPRINT
    México, D. F. : Biblioteca Nacional de México y Departamento de Bellas Artes de la Secretaría de Educación Pública, 1931
    DESCRIPTION
    [12] p.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Book/Pamphlet – Catalogs
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Biblioteca Naciona de México. Cuatro Azules: Feininger, Jawlensky, Kandinsky, Paul Klee. Exh. cat., Mexico City: Biblioteca Nacional de México/Departamento de Bellas Artes de la Secretaría de Educación Pública, 1931.
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
Synopsis

The Art Salon of the SEP [Ministry of Public Education] (1931-1934), as coordinated by the painters Francisco Díaz de León and Gabriel Fernández Ledesma—who represented both the Departamento de Bellas Artes de la Secretaría de Educación Pública [Fine Arts Department of the SEP] and the Biblioteca Nacional [National Library]—sponsored this exhibition that featured the work of the European movement Der Blaue Reiter [The Blue Rider]. The exhibit was on loan from a gallery in California, in the United States. According to Diego Rivera, bringing this exhibition to Mexico was like “taking the noose into the hanged man’s house.” In other words, it was tantamount to taunting the academics and the more conservative social realists with an exhibition of works by the European avant-garde, even though the work was similar to Mexican instinctive, spontaneous art. The organizers were also keenly aware of the general public’s limited ability to understand art that, due to its language, “might . . . not mean much to most, [but] will convert quite a few.”

Annotations

The earliest avant-garde exhibition spaces were promoted by the artists themselves. In the absence of any support from the private sector, however, those spaces tended to be provided by governmental cultural institutions. Faced with a shortage of gallery space, the painters Francisco Díaz de León and Gabriel Fernández Ledesma (1900-83) resorted to using the library as a more impressive venue for the international exhibition. The avant-garde exhibitions at the Sala de Arte generally included the work of muralists, engravers, and artisans of native extraction. They also featured the work of children from schools that encouraged artistic experimentation and spontaneous expression.    

Researcher
Francisco Reyes Palma
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Donación Alma Mérida : Museo Nacional de Arte