The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The author sets out the "mission," "in the times that run by," that the [Latin] American people "get to work," since it is no longer possible to continue to "enjoy…nature’s exuberance" or the "efforts of other people and races." In this sense, Figari maintains that this task must be based on our own organic plan in which education must occupy a prevailing place: "the [American] race will awaken its constructive aptitudes, its sciences and arts…so that we must be clear [of the following:] in order to be really someone we need to delve into our innermost. Once we are able to get free and direct observation [of deeds]…a whole Americanism will shine thus stimulating and teaching our race’s ingenuity."
Pedro Figari (1868–1938), a Uruguayan painter that stood out as an attorney-at-law and intellectual. In 1921, he settled in Buenos Aires and began rubbing elbows with important people in the city’s cultural milieu, Borges among them. He published various articles in several journals, such as Martín Fierro, Proa, [Prow] and Valoraciones [Assessments] (La Plata), as well as newspapers such as La Prensa and La Nación. In his texts, as well as in his lectures given at the Asociación Amigos del Arte [Friends of the Arts Association], he was committed to develop a way to look at Latin America’s kernel, to have a grasp of the reality, the urgent needs of its countries; and both his interest in the pre-Columbian world and his own research on educational programs. These aspects were not overlooked by the groups that represented the avant-garde in the 1920s. On the contrary, even if their modernizing project involving an attentive look in the direction of Europe—toward French culture above all—it also had an ongoing strife with their own historic-cultural reality. In this regard the relevance of Figari’s thinking to the young "vanguardist" of that time should be understood. This article, which appeared in La Prensa newspaper, in Buenos Aires, June 27, 1925, has special relevance because it shows the importance given by Figari to the recovery of the [Latin] American past, both as a background as well as for the development of the "American race." In this sense, he highlights the vantage point given to education.