Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This article informs us that poet Oliverio Girondo “has departed to Europe…on a seminal mission of artistic and intellectual cooperation with the youth of [Latin] America and Latin Europe [sic].” Girondo mentions several publications (Martín Fierro among them), publishing houses, bookstores, either Argentinean or Uruguayan, supporting and embodying the aims of his quest. In this way, the text stresses: “Girondo…is in {Latin] America, in France, Spain, and Italy—before young magazines and the qualified writers of the artistic Avant-Garde—the ambassador of our intellectual youth, which is the most brilliant, capable, and promising.”

Annotations

Martín Fierro (1924-1927) occupied an important place among the great proliferation of magazines of the Argentinean Avant-Garde that were published during the 1920s, and even more so within Buenos Aires itself. It was edited by Evar Méndez, although in 1925 Oliverio Girondo, Eduardo J. Bullrich, Sergio Piñero, and Alberto Prebisch also participated in the editorial duties. Key Argentinean writers such the aforementioned Girondo, Ricardo Molinari, Leopoldo Marechal, and Jorge Luis Borges were counted among its contributors; as well as the artists Emilio Pettoruti, Xul Solar, and Norah Borges. Martín Fierro ceased to be published when, during the presidential candidacy of Hipópolito Yrigoyen, the group’s members became divided between those who wanted to introduce politics into the magazine and those who did not. This internal bickering led to the demise of the publication. It is important to note that Martín Fierro was seen by contemporaries a representative of the Argentinean “vanguard.”

Oliverio Girondo (1891-1967), a prominent Argentinean poet connected to the literary renewal in 1920s Argentina, wrote numerous books of poetry, among which Veinte poemas para ser leídos en el tranvía [Twenty poems to be read in the streetcar] (1922), Calcomanías [Decals] (1925), and Espantapájaros [Scarecrow] (1932) were the most well known. In 1924, Girondo left for Europe via the Pacific. His mission of brotherhood sought to strengthen the relations between the young writers, intellectuals, and artists of Latin America.

This “mission” signaled the importance given by the magazine Martín Fierro to Latin America within the framework for aesthetic renewal. Resulting from Girondo’s voyage, Martín Fierro received several written contributions, mainly from Chile, Peru, and Mexico. In this context, the following year Mexican writers Julio Castellanos and Manuel Rodríguez Lozano arrived in Argentina accompanying an exhibition of Mexican Children’s art.

Researcher
Natalia Pineau
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Credit
© 2012 Evar Méndez Estate
Location
Colección particular: familia Palomar.