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    Ramón y “Pombo” / Jorge Luis Borges
    Martín Fierro : Periódico quincenal de arte y crítica libre (Buenos Aires, Argentina). -- Vol. 2, no. 14 y 15 (Ene. 24, 1925).
    Journal article – Essays
    Borges, Jorge Luis. "Ramón y 'Pombo'." Martín Fierro: Periódico quincenal de arte y crítica libre, vol. 2, no.14-15 (January 1925).

This article describes, by and large, the character embedded in the literary works of Spaniard writer Ramón Gómez de la Serna, and then finally pauses to briefly describe the book La Sagrada Cripta de Pombo [The Sacred Crypt at Pombo] (1924). “Pombo” was a café in Madrid where several intellectuals and artists of the times gathered together.


Martín Fierro (1924–27) played a major role in the great proliferation of avant-garde journals published in Argentina, more specifically in the 1920s Buenos Aires. Evar Méndez led it, though throughout 1925, Oliverio Girondo, Eduardo J. Bullrich, Sergio Piñero, and Alberto Prebisch also took part in its administration. Among the participants were key Argentinean writers such as Girondo, Ricardo Molinari, Leopoldo Marechal and Jorge Luis Borges, among others; as well as the artists Emilio Pettoruti, Xul Solar, and Norah Borges. Martín Fierro ceased publication when, preceding the presidential candidacy of Hipólito Yrigoyen, the core group was divided between those who supported the magazine assuming a political stance and those who did not. This internal bickering continued until the publication’s end. It is important to recognize that Martín Fierro was seen in its time as a key fixture of the Avant-garde in Argentina.

Ramón Gómez de la Serna (1888–1963) was one of the key figures of the Spanish literary avant-garde. The Martín Fierro magazine followers felt a huge admiration for the writer, so far as to regard him a representative of the renovation. In this manner, issue number 19 of Martín Fierro (July 18, 1925) introduced a special supplement to give homage as a result of his imminent arrival to Buenos Aires. In the end the trip fell through. The issue contained, however and among others, a text by Borges. Finally, the arrival of Gómez de la Serna to Buenos Aires will occur in 1931, and since 1936 (within the Spanish Civil War context), until his death, he lived in that city.

Natalia Pineau
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Fundación Pan Klub - Museo Xul Solar.