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  • ICAA Record ID
    732488
    TITLE
    Pequeño esfuerzo de justificación colectiva
    IN
    Que (revista de interrogantes) (Buenos Aires, Argentina). -- No. 1 (Nov. 1928)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. [1]-2
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Manifestoes
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Piterbarg, Elías and Aldo Pellegrini. "Pequeño esfuerzo de justificación colectiva." Qué (Revista de interrogantes), November 1928, [1]-2.
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    Que (Revista de interrogantes) (Buenos Aires, Argentina : 1928)
    ADDITIONAL AUTHORS
Synopsis

The article’s objective is to introduce the publication’s character and explain the reason for its production: it claims  “to seek in expression evidence” of the subject’s “hidden structure”; yearns “perhaps also like an irresistible need to think aloud”; proposes to rebuff the idea of a destiny to which man must resign himself, and as counterpoint, wishes to contemplate “with sympathy all aspects of either voluntary or involuntary freedom,” like for example, illness, insanity, and crime, among others. Also in the article, the significance of the journal’s name is explained as being the “first and maximum interrogation, bare from grammatical ornamentation, [and] reduced to its pure verbal essence.”

Annotations

Qué (Revista de interrogantes) [What? A Magazine of Question Marks]was the first manifestation of Surrealism in Argentina, as well as in Latin America. Led by Aldo Pellegrini and Elías Piterbarg, it issued only two editions, the first in November 1928 and the second in December 1930. In its day, the publication did not have much importance; it seemed that this was because of the long period between its only two editions, and because the second one appeared after the 1930 coup d’état that removed President Hipólito Yrigoyen from office. This publication is significant because Surrealism did not have any major repercussions in Argentina until the end of the 1920s and the early following decade. In this sense, Qué (Revista de interrogantes) and the work of Antonio Berni are seen as belonging to the Surrealist cycle (presented in Buenos Aires in 1932), thus constituting two key milestones.

The contributors to the magazine Qué (Revista de interrogantes) were Elías Piterbarg (also known as “Esteban Dalid” and “Felipe Debernardi”), Aldo Pellegrini (also known as. “Adolfo Este”), and also writing under pseudomyms: Mariano Cassano (“Julio Laureha”), Ismael Piterbarg (“Raúl Pombo”), and David Sussman (“Julio Trizzi”). Furthermore, Pellegrini (1903–73) later became one of the most important critics of the arts in Argentina. In 1967, he was the organizer of the exhibition Surrealismo en la Argentina.

Researcher
Natalia Pineau
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Particular: Sr. Victor Chab.