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  • ICAA Record ID
    730440
    TITLE
    Picasso, Matisse y la libertad de expresión / Tomás Maldonado
    IN
    Orientación : órgano central del Partido Comunista (Buenos Aires, Argentina). -- No. 418 (Nov. 19, 1947)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 7 : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Maldonado, Tomás. "Picasso, Matisse y la Libertad de Expresión." Orientación: órgano central del Partido Comunista (Buenos Aires), November 19, 1947, 7.
Synopsis

In this article, Tomás Maldonado considers how the conflicts arising both within and beyond the borders of the Soviet Union affect communist artists such as Picasso and Matisse. He refers to the editorial published in Pravda (Moscow, August 11, 1947), which stressed that the differences of opinion should not be construed as negative since they demonstrate that there is freedom of expression in the USSR. Maldonado also mentions an article by Roger Garaudy, “Artistas sin uniforme” [“Artists Without A Uniform”], that appeared in Paris, in the August 1946 issue of Arts de France

Annotations

Orientación : órgano central del Partido Comunista [Orientation : Centralized Organ of the Communist Party] was the official name of the Argentine Communist Party newspaper which, as of September 1936, appeared as a weekly magazine called Hoy. It later took the name Orientación. Semanario de información política, social y económica [Orientation: A Weekly Journal Devoted to Political, Social, and Economic News]. In June 1943 it was accused of being an illegal publication and forced to close down. But on August 15, 1945, it reappeared in its role as official journal and was published weekly until December 21, 1949. In that period of time, Ernesto Giudici (1907–1992) was the original director until April 30, 1947, when Rodolfo Ghioldi (1897–1985) took charge.

Tomás Maldonado is an intellectual, painter, and designer, born in Buenos Aires in 1922. In 1945 he co-founded the painter’s movement known as Asociación de Arte Concreto — Invención” [“Concrete Art and Invention Association”]. He settled in Germany in 1954, where he was a professor at the Hochschule für Gestaltung [School of Advanced Studies in Form] in Ulm. He subsequently became the director of that institution.

This document has been chosen because it was Tomás Maldonado’s means of reporting on the situation in which Picasso and Matisse found themselves at the time. It also refers to the ideas expressed in Roger Garaudy’s article in order to assert that the Communist Party had no official aesthetic.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Credit
Courtesy of Tomás Maldonado, Milano, Italia
Location
CeDinCI. Centro de Investigación e Documentación de la Cultura de Izquierdas en la Argentina.