Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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    Synopsis

    In this August 30, 1927 issue of Revista de avance, the “Guidelines” section includes three brief articles. The first informs the readers of the reaction of some Latin American intellectuals to the detention of two of the journal editors, José Z. Tallet and the Catalan Martí Casanovas. It mentions the important work done by the Costa Rican Joaquín García Monge, editor of the journal Repertorio Americano, who was among those who contributed to the cause of freeing the journalists. Whether by sending letters or issuing petitions and manifestos, a fair number of Latin American writers made efforts to denounce the events and demand that the Cuban government free the intellectuals “involved in a presumptive communist plot.” This brief article, written to convey gratitude, concludes with the report that the editors have already been set free.

     

    The next note announces the centenary of Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, making use of the occasion to denounce the fact that his artwork is practically unknown in Cuban art circles. The editors find it discouraging that this Spanish artist’s work is unknown to many Cubans, simply because he is only mentioned occasionally in the academic world, and then only superficially.

     

    The last article announces that a journalism school is about to be established in Cuba. The article analyzes the benefits a rigorous and intelligent program could bring to the professionalization of journalism, although the editors remain skeptical. In their opinion, the business world, which regards journalism as just another business, typically dictates and directs the ideas discussed in a newspaper. This being the case, little freedom is accorded to journalists for expressing controversial ideas and developing an independent outlook.    

    Annotations

    Revista de avance had a section with the title a “Guidelines,” which included short informative articles or comments on matters or events related to the focus of the journal. In this section, the editors informed the reader about changes, clarification, and comments on previous articles or matters of interest in the form of brief articles. In this issue, the most important one informs the readers of some of the actions undertaken by key Latin American intellectuals in reaction to the detention of José Z. Tallet (1893–1989) and Martí Casanovas (1894–1966) by the Cuban judicial authorities. One of those mentioned is the Costa Rican writer and journalist Joaquín García Monge. In 1919, García Monge founded a cultural journal, Repertorio Americano, which had an important role in the creation and development of an international intellectual community and promoted the study of and debate about cultural and political themes in Latin America.    

     

    The journalism school that was about to be established at the time was not in fact established until 1941, during the government of Batista. In 1943, José Z. Tallet served on the faculty of the recently founded Escuela Profesional de Periodismo Manuel Márquez Sterling, and in 1957, he was appointed director. Due to the changes in the field of education during the early years of the Cuban Revolution, the school was made a part of the School of Political Sciences. Later, it was moved into the School of Communications at the University of Havana.

     

    [For further reading, see, in the ICAA digital archive other “Directrices” published on: March 30, 1927 (doc. no. 1298727); April 15, 1927 (doc. no. 1298763); April 30, 1927 (doc. no. 1299725); May 15, 1927 (doc. no. 1299773); May 30, 1927 (doc. no. 1299841); August 15, 1927 (doc. no. 1299913); September 15, 1927 (doc. no. 1300019); and September 30, 1927 (doc. no. 1300074)].