The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This document is part of The Adolpho Leirner Collection of Brazilian Constructive Art at The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
Even though it was signed by all the members of the Grupo Ruptura, the manifesto was probably written by Waldemar Cordeiro, since the type of arguments and some of the phrases of the document match fragments of his writings published by a Sao Paulo publisher at the time. The Manifesto Ruptura was distributed to the public during the inaugural exhibition of the Grupo Ruptura at the Museum of Modern Art of Sao Paulo in December 1952. This document marks the displacement of the debate between figurative and abstract art present in the art world of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro at the end of the 1940s toward a polarization between expressive abstractionism and concrete art. Additionally, it signals the possibilities of the practical application of art. One of the characteristics of the concrete art movement in Brazil, and especially in Sao Paulo, was the identification with a developmentalist ideology which resulted from the industrial growth starting in the post-war period. The artists of the Grupo Ruptura were professionally active in the graphic arts, industrial design, landscape architecture, illustration, and advertising.