The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
Based in Venezuela due to the 1973 Pinochet coup d’etat, Chilean artist Aníbal Ortizpozo presented this text at the III Bienal Nacional Salvador Valero de Arte Popular (Trujillo, 1991), reflecting on the arts beginning with the question: “What is folk art…?” In his opinion, we have always erred in approaching folk art by following the rules and criteria of the Western aesthetic; that is, by de-contextualizing folk objects and assigning them a new meaning by exhibiting them in stores and museums, in this way altering the production systems of the community. All this encourages competition among artisans and exalts individualism. Because of this, Ortizpozo states that “conditions should be created so that folk artists may with their own instruments and understanding determine their place in the circulation of their work.” Only this will allow them and their communities to play a major role.
This document written by Chilean artist and teacher Aníbal Ortizpozo (b. 1937) focuses on folk art, examining the “folk” concept as one that encompasses diverse cultural manifestations. The author likewise references other concepts offered by authors like María Elena Ramos and Néstor García Canclini, pausing on “kitsch” and “folklore,” concepts that help in understanding folk art.
For Ortizpozo’s reflections on the sixth instance of this event, see in the ICAA digital archive “Bienal Salvador Valero: La alternativa a contracorriente” (doc. no. 1166334).