The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
Critic Luis Ángel Duque presents a brief history of “vision,” defining it as the happy convergence of the retina and the brain. In his words, it is through vision that a man sees himself, but also everything else that surrounds him; it is one of the most immediate communication methods between man and his surrounding reality. Duque refers to the human eye, but also the “ojo tecnológico” [technological eye] through which the individual visions of the Venezuelan artists participating in the third Salon Pirelli arise (Caracas, 1997).
This text is of interest because it links contemporary art to the art of the past. Critic and curator Luis Ángel Duque (b. 1954) refers to the first art known from the Venezuelan colonial period —a drawing of a profile (eye and nose)—found at the Isla de Cubagua, an important colonial settlement due to the pearls found in abundance there. He then delves deeply into very different systems of contemplation and representation in the twentieth century. He points out the rise of technologies useful for observing and focusing reality, such as the telescope, microscope, photography, television, cinema, and video, which produced new forms of interaction between man and the world. In this way human vision was firstly transformed into a “ojo mecánico” [mechanical eye] and then afterward into a “ojo electrónico” [electronic eye]; it is through these advances that man observes nature and himself in a distinct manner, creating new forms of representation.
[For María Luz Cárdenas’s curatorial text on the III Salón Pirelli “De la ilusión óptica a la desilusión cultural: Aproximación al III Salón Pirelli” [From Optical Illusion to Cultural Disillusionment: An Approach to the Third Salon Pirelli] see the ICAA digital archive doc. no. 1162019].